Uighur

Who are the Uighurs, and what’s happening to them in China?

Who are the Uighurs, and what’s happening to them in China?

Feb. 11, 2021 at 1:25 p.m. EST

Starting in 2017, China carried out a sweeping crackdown in its northwest Xinjiang region under the banner of counterterrorism. China’s harsh campaign to forcibly assimilate the Uighurs, a mostly Muslim ethnic minority group in Xinjiang, has drawn international condemnation, with the U.S. State Department classifying it as “genocide.”

 

Scholars estimate that more than 1 million Uighurs were detained in reeducation camps for periods ranging from weeks to years. Detainees attended daily political indoctrination programs, with reports of torture by guards.

Under international pressure, Beijing said in 2019 that all trainees at “vocational educational and training centers” in Xinjiang had graduated, using the term the government eventually settled on for the camps after initially denying their existence. However, China has continued to build massive detention centers in the region since then. Many former detainees were transferred to work in newly constructed factories, prompting concerns about forced labor that led to U.S. sanctions.

What is the history of the Uighurs?

The Uighurs are a nomadic Turkic people native to China’s northwestern Xinjiang region. Many Uighurs are Muslim, and their religious faith has put them at odds with the officially atheistic Chinese Communist Party.

About 12 million Uighurs live in Xinjiang, with smaller groups in Kazakhstan, Turkey and other countries.

Parts of Xinjiang had two brief periods of self-rule as East Turkestan (1933-1934 and 1944-1949) before the region came under Mao Zedong’s Communist rule in 1949, along with the rest of China. A number of Uighurs continue to hope for political independence one day, a stance that is harshly suppressed by Beijing.

What’s China’s beef with them?

China points to sporadic terrorist attacks in Xinjiang and a Uighur independence movement as justification for the crackdown. Uighur activists say years of state-sponsored oppression and discrimination against Uighurs have fueled grass-roots anger against the government.

Ethnic tensions between Uighurs and China’s majority Han people have long simmered in the region, occasionally breaking out into violence. In 2009, Xinjiang’s capital city, Urumqi, was wracked by riots, resulting in 197 dead and many more injured.

 

Beijing’s focus on stability in Xinjiang is driven by the region’s geopolitical and economic importance. Xinjiang is rich in oil and produces the vast majority of China’s cotton. The region has land borders with Afghanistan, Russia, Pakistan, India, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and China has long prioritized the need for stability on its sometimes fractious periphery.

What steps has China taken against them?

China has long carried out heavy-handed ethnic assimilation of Uighurs, but the policies reached new levels under President Xi Jinping. In 2017, Xinjiang began a massive political reeducation program, with more than 1 million Uighurs from all walks of life taken into detention. The reasons for detention could be as minor as wearing a headscarf or long beardhaving more than two children or traveling overseas for vacation.

These detentions lasted for months or even years. Former detainees reported daily lessons in patriotism and Chinese language, and some said they were tortured by guards. At some centers, they also learned vocational skills such as textile-making. A number of former detainees say they were forced to work at a factory as a condition for release.

During the same period, the Xinjiang government rolled out a high-tech surveillance system across the region that tracked Uighurs’ movements through police checkpoints, facial recognition surveillance cameras and house visits by officials.

Are these really concentration camps?

Definitions differ for the emotionally charged term, but the Xinjiang camps have key similarities to the early Nazi concentration camps. They also targeted an ethnic minority and political dissidents, with detainees explicitly expected to contribute factory labor. The detentions were made without formal charges or trials in both cases.

The Xinjiang camps were not death camps, however — the most notorious type of Nazi concentration camp, where detainees were killed en masse by gassing or other methods. While some detainees died in the Xinjiang camps, the official goal was to release them back into society after ideological training.

One definition of “concentration camp” from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum is “a camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions and without regard to legal norms of arrest and imprisonment that are acceptable in a constitutional democracy.”

The Chinese government disputes the characterization of the facilities as concentration camps, saying that they are vocational training centers meant to reform people with extremist tendencies.

What is the world saying about it?

The State Department declared in January that China’s actions against Uighurs should be categorized as “genocide.” The United States also banned imports of goods made in Xinjiang, citing a risk of forced labor in the region.

A number of Western governments have denounced China’s policies in Xinjiang, with Britain pressing China in January to allow United Nations rights inspectors to visit the region. The European Union Parliament condemned China in December for forced labor in Xinjiang.

Many countries, however, have been muted in their responses, as Beijing has warned foreign governments not to interfere in its internal affairs.

The international media has struggled to gather information from Xinjiang. On Thursday, China’s state broadcast regulator said it would pull BBC News off the air, after Britain stripped a license for Chinese state television and in the wake of China’s objections to BBC reports on abuses against Uighurs.

Lawmakers seek condemnation of China’s abuse of ethnic Uighurs

Lawmakers seek condemnation of China’s abuse of ethnic Uighurs

By RYUTARO ABE/ Staff Writer

February 11, 2021 at 18:15 JST

Photo/Illutration International human rights groups describe occupational training centers for Uighurs, such as this one in Kashgar, the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, as re-education facilities. (Asahi Shimbun file photo)

An effort across party lines is growing to ramp up pressure on the government to take a tougher stand against Beijing and its suppression of the Uighur ethnic minority in northwest China.

A group of ruling Liberal Democratic Party lawmakers concerned about issues related to the mostly Muslim Uighurs on Feb. 10 decided to expand the effort outside of party lines.

While government officials have expressed “grave concerns” about the human rights violations against the Uighurs, the lawmakers are asking that more specific measures be taken to demonstrate Japan’s seriousness about the issue.

After the meeting, Keiji Furuya, the group leader, met with reporters and said, “Nations that hold common views on values must cooperate in order to take serious action.”

The group decided to open up membership to the opposition parties Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan, Democratic Party for the People and Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party).

One of the first steps the group is considering is submitting a Diet resolution encouraging the government to take action against human rights violations abroad.

During a Feb. 9 meeting of the multipartisan Japan Parliamentary Alliance of China (JPAC), criticism was directed at Beijing over the Uighur issue. The group called on the government to make further efforts to unravel what is occurring in China.

Another group is expected to be formed soon to submit legislation for a Japanese version of the U.S. Magnitsky Act, which authorizes the U.S. government to impose entry bans and freeze assets of individuals and groups that are deemed as human rights offenders by U.S. authorities.

Foreign governments have come out strongly against Beijing.

When he was still U.S. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo described what China was doing to the Uighur population as “genocide.”

The administration of U.S. President Joe Biden is also expected to take harsh measures against human rights violations. European nations have been critical of China’s human rights abuses as well.

But the government under Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga has tried not to worsen ties with Beijing, leading it to only call on China to take responsible action to deal with the issue.

Gen Nakatani, an LDP lawmaker who serves as joint head of JPAC, said, “The problem will not be solved by just pointing out concerns.”

He urged the government to certify the Chinese actions as genocide and to consider sanctions.

Other lawmakers have called on the government to accede to the Genocide Convention, which took effect in 1951.

BBC World News channel banned from airing in China

BBC World News channel banned from airing in China

Jane Dalton

·2-min read
 
<p>China's communist regime objected to the corporation's reports about how it treats Uighur Muslims</p> (PA)

China’s communist regime objected to the corporation’s reports about how it treats Uighur Muslims

(PA)

Chinese authorities have banned BBC World News from broadcasting in the country, a step that the UK government warned would “damage China’s reputation in the eyes of the world”.

Beijing has condemned recent BBC reports on the Covid-19 pandemic in the country and on claims of forced labour and sexual abuse in the Xinjiang region, home to Uighur Muslims.

The ban comes a week after the British media watchdog Ofcom withdrew the licence for China Global Television Network (CGTN), the country’s English-language satellite news channel, to broadcast in the UK.

The regulator cited links between the network’s editorial policy and China’s ruling Communist Party. Political bodies are banned by UK law from controlling licence-holders.

The Chinese foreign ministry had signalled it might retaliate, with a spokesperson saying the next day that Ofcom had acted on “political grounds based on ideological bias”.

Now Beijing’s National Radio and Television Administration says BBC World News’s coverage of China has “seriously violated” requirements that news reporting be true and impartial, and that it has undermined China’s national interests and ethnic solidarity.

The BBC is generally viewable in China only in some hotels, businesses and residential compounds for foreigners.

Two Reuters journalists in China said the channel had gone blank on their screens.

Dominic Raab, the foreign secretary, branded the move “an unacceptable curtailing of media freedom”.

“China has some of the most severe restrictions on media & internet freedoms across the globe, & this latest step will only damage China’s reputation in the eyes of the world,” he tweeted.

Beijing’s broadcast administration added that the BBC’s application to air for another year would not be accepted.

The BBC said it was disappointed by China’s decision, and that it reported from around the world fairly and impartially.

Losing its British broadcasting licence was a major setback for CGTN. The channel, which has a European operations hub in west London, is part of Beijing’s push to expand China’s soft power and improve its image abroad.

Read More

Chinese state-owned TV network CGTN has UK licence revoked by Ofcom

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Uighurs continue to protest to learn families’ whereabouts

Uighurs continue to protest to learn families' whereabouts


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Members of the Uighur community living in Turkey, hold a protest near China’s consulate in Istanbul, Turkey, Feb. 10, 2021. (AP Photo)

Uighur Turks living in Istanbul staged a demonstration Thursday near China’s Consulate General demanding to know the condition of their family members they believe are being held in the nation’s western Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

Dozens of Uighurs – including academics, business people and children – complained of not having heard from their family members for years due to Beijing’s alleged systematic campaign that reportedly involves confining members of the ethnic minority in concentration and forced labor camps.

Addressing the rally, the group’s spokesperson, Salih Emin, called on the world to raise their voice against what he called crimes against humanity and take action to stop Uighur persecution.

“The Chinese government does not want human rights organizations to investigate (the situation) in the country because they’re afraid of (the situation there). The massacre there is true and (China) doesn’t want the world to know about it,” Emin said.

Xinjiang, also known as East Turkistan, is home to around 10 million Uighurs. The Turkic Muslim group, which makes up around 45% of the autonomous region’s population, has long accused China’s authorities of cultural, religious and economic discrimination.

It was the second such Uighur protest since the beginning of February in which people demonstrated to learn about the situation of their relatives.

Beijing’s policy against Uighurs has drawn widespread criticism from rights groups including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch, which accuse it of ostracizing over 10 million members of the minority group, most of whom are Muslims.

Emin called on the Turkish Foreign Ministry to meet with the Chinese government to help them get in touch with their families, while also thanking the Turkish people for their support.

During the rally, many carried East Turkistan’s flags in Uighur sky blue and held up banners reading: “Chinese Government Release My Innocent Family Members,” “China, Where is My Son?” “Where are My Brothers?” and “Uighurs Need Your Support.”

‘Hear our voice!’

“I’ve been unable to communicate with my family since 2015 … We’ve learned that some of my family members were sent to concentration camps,” Habibe Omer, one of the protesters, told Anadolu Agency.

“Just hear our voice!” she asked in an emotional tone.

“We demand those who are in the concentration camps to be released immediately,” said Abdullah Resul, another protester who attended the rally in the hopes of getting information about his relatives’ whereabouts.

Iparhan Uygur, who came to Turkey eight years ago to study, also denounced China’s policy in the autonomous region, saying she had heard nothing about her family’s condition since 2016.

Burhan Uluyol, an academic at Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim University, was also among the protesters. “Cruel China has arrested my father, mother, brothers, uncles and nephews. They’ve been under arrest for four years. We’re here to be their voice.”

Last year, Uighurs held rallies for 18 days outside the Chinese Consulate General in Istanbul demanding information on their families’ well-being after not being able to contact them for years.

A 2018 Human Rights Watch report detailed Beijing’s campaign of “mass arbitrary detention, torture, forced political indoctrination and mass surveillance of Xinjiang’s Muslims.”

China, however, has repeatedly denied allegations that it is operating detention camps in its northwestern autonomous region, claiming instead that they are “reeducating” Uighurs.

Pangong Lake: India and China to pull back from disputed border

Pangong Lake: India and China to pull back from disputed border

Thu, February 11, 2021, 6:02 AM

Indian troops near border with China
Indian troops near the border with China

India and China are to pull back troops from part of their disputed Himalayan border in what’s seen as a breakthrough following a deadly clash in June.

India’s defence minister said the move to withdraw troops in Ladakh was the result of “sustained talks” between the nuclear-armed neighbours.

His remarks came a day after a similar announcement from China.

 

Tensions have been high since the clash that left 20 Indian soldiers dead and a number of reported Chinese fatalities.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh told India’s parliament that since September, both sides had been communicating through military and diplomatic channels. He said that after nine rounds of meetings between senior military commanders, “we have been able to reach an agreement on disengagement in the north and south bank of the Pangong Lake”.

A spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of National Defence said on Wednesday that a “synchronised and organised disengagement” from Pangong Tso lake had started. Colonel Wu Qian said the disengagement was in accordance with consensus reached by both sides at during military commander-level talks.

Indian and Chinese troops have been facing off on the north and south shores of the glacial lake that lies in territory claimed by both sides.

Disputed China-India border map
Disputed China-India border map

Mr Singh also told parliament that China had “mobilised a large number of troops and armaments” along the border in Ladakh, and had illegally occupied 38,000sq km (14,700sq miles) of Indian territory in the region.

China disputes such claims. But in June last year, satellite images suggested that China had built new bunkers, tents and storage units for military hardware overlooking the Galwan river.

The disputed 3,440km (2,100 mile) long de facto border – called the Line of Actual Control, or LAC – is poorly demarcated. The presence of rivers, lakes and snowcaps means the line can shift. The soldiers on either side – representing two of the world’s largest armies – come face to face at many points.

But the June clash – fought with sticks and clubs, not guns – was the first fatal confrontation between the two sides since 1975 and followed earlier non-deadly violence. China has never commented on reports that it too suffered fatalities.

The two armies also clashed in January this year along the border in the north-east in India’s Sikkim state, leaving troops on both sides injured.

The Pangong Tso Lake
The Pangong Tso lake has seen scuffles between troops on both sides

“I want to assure this house that in these talks we have not conceded anything,” Mr Singh told parliament.

“There are still some outstanding issues with regard to deployment and patrolling at some other points along the LAC in Eastern Ladakh. These will be the focus of further discussions with the Chinese side,” he added.

Relations have deteriorated since June as both sides traded accusations.

In August, India accused China of provoking military tensions at the border twice within a week. China denied both charges and blamed India for the stand-off.

In September, China accused India of firing shots at its troops. India accused China of firing into the air.

Op-Ed: China is escalating human rights abuses in run-up to 2022 Olympics. Will IOC look the other way?

Op-Ed: China is escalating human rights abuses in run-up to 2022 Olympics. Will IOC look the other way?

Minky Worden

 
 
BEIJING, CHINA - SEPTEMBER 17: Children pose with the Mascot of the 2022 Olympic Winter Games, Bing Dwen Dwen, during a launching ceremony at the Shougang Ice Hockey Arena on September 17, 2019 in Beijing, China. (Photo by Fu Tian/China News Service/VCG via Getty Images)
Children pose with Bing Dwen Dwen, mascot of the 2022 Winter Olympics, on Sept. 17, 2019, in Beijing. (Fu Tian / China News Service / VCG via Getty Images)

Last September, five international labor auditing firms declared they could no longer help companies audit their supply chains in China’s Xinjiang region because the Chinese government’s controls and repression make it too difficult to determine whether factories are using forced labor. The Better Cotton Initiative, a consortium to monitor sustainability — affiliated with companies such as Adidas, Nike and Gap — called Xinjiang an “untenable operating environment.”

This reality raises a critical question for the International Olympic Committee as it heads toward the 2022 Winter Olympics, set to begin in Beijing a year from now: How will it carry out human-rights due diligence as set out under United Nations standards? Without such scrutiny, Olympic leaders will be hard-pressed to ensure that forced labor was not used to make products in northwest China’s Xinjiang region bearing the IOC’s trademarked interlaced Olympic rings.

Performing a robust investigation into human rights abuses in China and how 2022 Olympic merchandise is being produced may be the IOC’s last best chance before the Games to explain how it will confront the reputational risk from staging the Olympics there. The potential for damage is even worse than when the 2008 Beijing Olympics were used to “sportswash” China’s international image.

 

China’s documented mistreatment of Xinjiang’s 13 million ethnic minority Uighurs and other Turkic Muslims stands in stark contrast to the Olympic ideals of celebrating human achievement and dignity. Last week, a resolution was introduced in the U.S. Senate calling on the IOC to take the 2022 Games away from China unless the country “addresses its egregious and numerous violations of human rights.” More than 180 human rights organizations have also called for a boycott of the Games, and for the first time since the 1980s, European countries are considering pulling out of an Olympics.

Meanwhile, the Chinese government is cynically using the Olympics to rebuild its international image at a time of heightened repression at home and worsened relations with other governments abroad. To secure the right to host the 2008 Summer Games, the Chinese government made many promises to improve human rights. Those promises were broken, and worse, China used the Olympics as a catalyst for empowering its domestic security apparatus and expanding surveillance.

The Uighurs and other Turkic Muslim minorities in Xinjiang have long been subject to Chinese state repression. In 2014 — a year before China was awarded the 2022 Winter Olympics — Beijing began an escalating crackdown in the region, culminating in the incarceration of more than 1 million Turkic Muslims in what are being called “political education” camps and prisons. An unknown number of the children left behind are held in state-run orphanages and boarding schools and subject to political indoctrination. China imposes draconian controls on the movement of Turkic Muslims throughout Xinjiang, utilizing such means as house arrest, tech-enabled mass surveillance and a forced-labor program.

These are serious, systemic human rights violations of unprecedented scope and scale, even for China.

The IOC often says the Olympics are “a force for good,” but in the nearly six years since the Winter Olympics were awarded to China, Chinese officials have only escalated their abuses across the country. The Chinese government has dismantled nascent civil society groups, targeted labor rights activists, deepened repression of Xinjiang and Tibet and taken apart fundamental freedoms in Hong Kong.

Even though media freedom is a core requirement for Olympic hosts, Chinese authorities have tightened control over the domestic media and the internet. The government’s so-called Great Firewall — a massive system of online censorship — along with state-controlled media within China bars all meaningful criticism and news. China has increasingly made it difficult to connect to virtual private networks, which international reporters rely on to work, and Beijing has forced out many international journalists working for major media outlets.

There’s so much more the IOC could be doing if it truly wants to be a “force for good” in China. In 2017, Olympic leaders added human rights requirements aligned with the United Nations’ Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights to its host city agreements. Although Beijing was awarded the Winter Olympics before the new human rights language was adopted, “operational requirements” included in the host city contract since then allow the IOC to negotiate for human rights protections and standards with Beijing.

Using this leverage, the IOC should immediately conduct effective due diligence to prevent human rights abuses that may be directly linked to the Olympics, its products or services. It should also identify areas with the most significant risk of harm, such as Olympic products being produced in Xinjiang by forced labor, and make dealing with those cases a priority.

When Tibetan, Uighur, Hong Kong and Chinese victims of Beijing’s repression told IOC leaders in October about imprisonment, torture, enforced disappearances and deaths of family members in Chinese custody, the IOC responded coldly by saying that “awarding the Olympic Games to a national Olympic committee does not mean that the IOC agrees with the … human rights standards in its country.”

In a statement last fall, IOC President Thomas Bach said the Olympic Games “can set an example for a world where everyone respects the same rules and one another.” Yet Chinese authorities are setting the opposite example by flouting the rules for hosting — and the IOC appears poised to let Beijing get away with it again.

Minky Worden is director of global initiatives at Human Rights Watch and editor of “China’s Great Leap,” a book on the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

This story originally appeared in Los Angeles Times.

Biden in call with China’s Xi raises human rights, trade

Biden in call with China's Xi raises human rights, trade

President Joe Biden speaks at the Pentagon, Wednesday, Feb. 10, 2021, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon, Pool)

AAMER MADHANI

 

Joe Biden on Wednesday held his first call as president with Xi Jinping, pressing the Chinese leader about trade and Beijing’s crackdown on democracy activists in Hong Kong as well as other human rights concerns.

The two leaders spoke just hours after Biden announced plans for a Pentagon task force to review U.S. national security strategy in China and after the new U.S. president announced he was levying sanctions against Myanmar’s military regime following this month’s coup in the southeast Asian country.

A White House statement said Biden raised concerns about Beijing’s “coercive and unfair economic practices.” Biden also pressed Xi on Hong Kong, human rights abuses against Uighur and ethnic minorities in the western Xinjiang province, and its actions toward Taiwan.

“I told him I will work with China when it benefits the American people,” Biden posted on Twitter after the call.

China’s state broadcaster CCTV struck a mostly positive tone about the conversation, saying Xi acknowledged the two sides had their differences, and those differences should be managed, but urged overall cooperation.

CCTV said Xi pushed back against Biden’s concerns on Taiwan, Hong Kong and Xinjiang, saying the issues are China’s internal affairs and concern Chinese sovereignty. He warned, “The U.S. should respect China’s core interests and act with caution.”

Biden, who had dealt with the Chinese leader when he served as Barack Obama’s vice president, used his first three weeks in the White House to make several calls with other leaders in the Indo-Pacific region. He has tried to send the message that he would take a radically different approach to China than former President Donald Trump, who placed trade and economic issues above all else in the U.S.-China relationship.

With Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga late last month, Biden underscored the U.S. commitment to protecting the Senkaku Islands, a group of uninhabited islets administered by Tokyo but claimed by Beijing. In his call with India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Biden emphasized the need for “close cooperation to promote a free and open Indo-Pacific.” And in his call with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison last week, the president highlighted that the two nations’ alliance was essential to stability in the region, the White House said.

Top aides to Biden have repeatedly heard from Asia-Pacific counterparts who had become discouraged by Trump’s frequently sharp rhetoric aimed at allies, talk of reducing troop levels in South Korea and odd interactions with North Korean dictator Kim Jong Un, according to a senior administration official who spoke on condition of anonymity to discuss the private calls.

Allies in the region have made clear they want a more purposeful and steady approach to engagements going forward, according to the official.

To that end, Biden and other top administration officials have taken care in their initial interactions with their counterparts to look to the long game in resetting the relationships.

Biden used Wednesday’s call to raise concerns about Beijing’s crackdown on activists in Hong Kong and about its policies affecting Muslims and ethnic minorities in Xinjiang. In the final hours of the Trump administration, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo declared that the Chinese Communist Party had committed crimes against humanity against the predominantly Muslim Uighurs and other minority groups.

China has denied any abuses and says the steps it has taken are necessary to combat terrorism and a separatist movement.

The White House also said Biden made clear his concern about Beijing’s increasingly “assertive” action with Taiwan. Beijing claims full sovereignty over Taiwan, even as the two sides have been governed separately for more than seven decades.

Days into Biden’s presidency, China dispatched warplanes close to the island. The U.S. Navy, in turn, last week sent a guided-missile destroyer through the waterway that separates China and Taiwan.

One area that Biden doesn’t appear ready to move quickly on is discontinuing Trump’s trade war with China, which led to tariffs on their steel, aluminum and other goods.

Biden plans to leave the tariffs in place as his administration conducts a top-to-bottom review of trade policy. Administration officials note that the president is still awaiting confirmation of his U.S. trade representative nominee, Katherine Tai, and his pick for commerce secretary, Gina Raimondo. Both are expected to play key roles in helping shape China trade policy.

Administration officials say Biden also wants to consult with allies in Asia and Europe before making decisions on tariffs.

Biden and Xi know each other well and have had frank exchanges.

Biden played host to then-Chinese vice president Xi during his 2012 visit to the United States. Biden used that visit to get a read of Xi and was blunt at moments, even raising concerns about Chinese theft of intellectual property and human rights abuses during a luncheon toast.

The following year, when Biden visited China, he publicly criticized Beijing for refusing to affirm that it would renew the visas of American journalists and for blocking the websites of American-based news media sites.

Biden has said he believes there are areas where the U.S. and China can work closely, such as addressing climate change and preventing the proliferation of nuclear weapons. But ultimately, Biden said recently, he expects the U.S.-China relationship to be one of “extreme competition” in coming years.

On Thursday, China’s state broadcaster said Xi told Biden: “You’ve said America’s greatest feature is possibility. I hope that this type of possibility will develop in a way that is conducive to improving relations between the two countries.”

__

Associated Press writer Huizhong Wu in Taipei, Taiwan, contributed to this report.

تۈرك مەدەنىيىتىدىكى چوڭ ئوخشاشلىق ۋە كىچىك پەرقلەر
Big similarities and small differences in Turkish culture

تۈرك مەدەنىيىتىدىكى چوڭ ئوخشاشلىق ۋە كىچىك پەرقلەر
Big similarities and small differences in Turkish culture

<br/>ۈرك مەدەنىيىتىدىكى چوڭ ئوخشاشلىق ۋە كىچىك پەرقلەر <br/> Big similarities and small differences in Turkish culture

India apprehends Chinese soldier for transgressing border

India apprehends Chinese soldier for transgressing border

FILE- In this Sept. 14, 2017, file photo, Indian army trucks drive near Pangong Tso lake near the India China border in India's Ladakh area. The Indian army said Saturday, Jan. 9, 2020, that it has apprehended a Chinese soldier in the remote Ladakh region, where the two countries are locked in a monthslong military standoff along their disputed mountain border. An army statement said the Chinese soldier was taken into custody on Friday for transgressing into the Indian side in area South of Pangong Tso lake. (AP Photo/Manish Swarup)
 
ASHOK SHARMA
 
 

NEW DELHI (AP) — The Indian army said Saturday that it had apprehended a Chinese soldier in the remote Ladakh region, where the two countries are locked in a monthslong military standoff along their disputed mountain border.

An army statement said the Chinese soldier was taken into custody on Friday for transgressing into the Indian side in area South of Pangong Tso lake.

“The PLA (People’s Liberation Army) soldier is being dealt with as per laid down procedures and circumstances under which he had crossed the LAC (Line of Actual Control) are being investigated,’’ the statement said.

 

China said it informed the Indian side as soon as one of its soldiers went missing “due to darkness and complicated terrain.”

The Indian side later confirmed that it had found the missing soldier and said it would return him to the Chinese side, China’s Defense Ministry said in a statement.

“The Indian side should strictly abide by relevant agreements between the two countries and hand over the lost personnel to the Chinese side as soon as possible, to add positive factors to cool down the situation at China-India border and jointly maintain peace and calm in the border area,” the statement said.

Indian and Chinese soldiers often lose their way in the disputed Himalayan region.

In October, India detained another Chinese soldier in Ladakh’s Demchok area, but he was freed after he was found to have strayed across the de facto border.

In September, China released five Indian nationals who went missing from the eastern state of Arunachal Pradesh amid simmering tensions between the two countries. The five men were Indian hunters.

The high-altitude standoff between the Asian giants began in early May with a fierce brawl, and exploded into hand-to-hand combat with clubs, stones and fists on June 15 that left 20 Indian soldiers dead. China is believed to also have had casualties, but has not given any details.

witter blocks ‘dehumanizing’ Chinese Embassy tweet claiming Uighur women are no longer ‘baby-making machines’

witter blocks 'dehumanizing' Chinese Embassy tweet claiming Uighur women are no longer 'baby-making machines'

HOME INTERNATIONAL
Twitter blocks ‘dehumanizing’ Chinese Embassy tweet claiming Uighur women are no longer ‘baby-making machines’
Joshua Zitser 4 hours ago
uighur women london protest
A woman holds a placard during a London protest in support of Uighur people over ongoing human rights violations in China’s Xinjiang autonomous region on October 08, 2020. Hasan Esen/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images
On Thursday, the Chinese Embassy in the US posted a tweet claiming that Uighur women were no longer “baby-making machines” because of the eradication of extremism.
Twitter removed it on Saturday morning for violating rules against “the dehumanization of a group of people,” according to Ars Technica.
The tweet was linked to an article, published by the Chinese Communist Party, that celebrated the decline in birth rates in the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region of northwestern China.
China has been accused of using inhumane birth control practices on Uighur women. Forced abortions, sterilization, and unwanted IUDs are “widespread and systematic” practices, according to the AP.
Sens. Tom Cotton and Rick Scott had condemned the tweet. A number of other politicians criticized it and urged Twitter to take it down.